Service breeds maintenance and care


The environmental effect on a dogs

In order to maintain necessary life conditions for a dog, save its health and working capacity, it is vital to be aware of what is/is not necessary for auspicious dog keeping. Disease resistance depends on where is a dog kept. 

These factors include:

  • big air effect;
  • the presence of air impurities;
  • prolonged maintenance in narrow unventilated rooms;
  • water vapour;
  • clayish and silty soil (soil must have a good water and air permeability, as well as it must dry quickly after rain);
  • hot and dry climate during the winter season (in such conditions dog coat becomes less thick, but undercoat in most ways is absent);
  • during cold and damp weather (heat transfer occurs and, as a result, a dog may catch a cold or risk frostbite from the intense cold);
  • during the hot weather and the hot sunlight (heat strokes and sun strokes are possible);
  • at room maintenance, dogs are more sensitive to the cold and colds.

 It is noteworthy that service dogs are very stable to adverse factors. They adapt to new climate changes quite fast, especially, German shepherds, Caucasian, Central Asian, Blackies, and the Collie breeds.

Dog site equipment

Dog maintenance in flats. 

  • a site must be located away from heating batteries and stove, doors; far away from doors and away from draught, if possible.
  • it is prohibited to keep a dog in the kitchen. 
  • a small dense rug for a dog is placed the floor. (Mattresses which are stuffed with straw or any other, are less hygienic and they pamper dogs. They could be used only in exceptional ways such as very cold floor).

Dog keeping on the street.

Wooden booths are the best fit.Booths must be put in places that are protected from cold winds, but in districts with hot climate, they must be put away from the direct sunlight (under trees, sheds, etc.).

What is the optimal booth for your pet?

Booth dimensions: length 100 cm, width 90 сm, height 80 сm.
Manhole dimensions: 40х50 сm.
Roof of a booth is flat, sloping backwards.
A booth is put on law bars in that way, so that water does not flow into it.
There is a wooden shield of 100X170 cm which is put in front of a booth and a pillar with a ring that is dug up in case to hold a dog.  

During the winter season booths are insulated (straw, hay, reeds, and others), manholes for are covered with durable fabric (sackcloth, tarpaulin and others), for protection against the cold, so that a dog could enter and exit a booth freely.

Also place for dogs may be made of wood, brick, and stone on dry and elevated places. 

  • Also place for dogs may be made of wood, brick, and stone on dry and elevated places. 
  • It is better to make a fence from metal mesh. 
  • The floor in cabins and aviaries is made of thick, tight-fitting boards with a slight slope towards the facade. 
  • There is a cemented groove equipped for urine drain, rain and snow water, and excess disinfectant solutions. 

On note! Green spaces are recommended for protection against dust, wind, and the sun. Trees protect against sun. During the summer heat they create coolness, a shrub protects from wind and, at the same time, does not obscure sun rays.  

It is important to remember that if a yard is fenced with a high solid fence and is rarely visited by strangers, it is better to keep a dog outside, because constantly putting it on hold may cause negative effects such as sagging back or weaken limbs. In this situation, on the gate of the courtyard there should be the inscription indicating that: “There is a dog in the courtyard”.

Cleaning a calming area of a dog 

Cleaning a dog in apartments.

  • a rug, on which a dog rests, as well as the floor, are thoroughly cleaned with a vacuum cleaner (you can knock a carpet on the street).
  • wipe the floor with a damp cloth. 
  • during the period of intensive molting, it is recommended to clean a rug two times per day (in the morning and in the evening).
  • once a week the floor is washed with soapy water. 

Cleaning dog areas which are kept in yards.

    You will need: an iron shovel, a metal scraper, a broom, a besom, a scoop, a trash bucket, and a bucket for washing and disinfection. 

During cleaning, the litter is carefully shaken every time (straw, hay, pure soft wood shavings, dry tree leaves). Wet, frozen, and soiled litter is replaced with the fresh one. During the summer time, once a week, cabins and booths are washed with water. Periodically, as instructed by veterinarians, dog rooms are disinfected.

In order to kill flies and other insects –  the walls of kitchens and premises are treated with a 1.5 percent aqueous solution of chlorophos. They can be purchased in stores, as well as to make yourself.
In order to combat rodents there are used poisonous preparations, which are mixed with food in burrows and other places which are not accessible to pets. This work should be carried out by specialists of the deratization squads. The use of mechanical means against rodents (mousetraps, rat traps, etc.) is considered ineffective.

Dog walking 

It is necessary to walk with a dog at least 2 times a day (in the morning and in the evening). Puppies are taken for walking 4-5 times and young dogs 3-4 times a day. 

Please keep in mind! Dogs cannot empty their entire bladder at a time and do so with short interruptions. Therefore, one should not rush with walking.

In addition to walking for emptying, a dog should be given the opportunity to walk, run in uninhabited places (wasteland, large glades, etc.) at least 2 times a day.

Some rules for a walk you should remember :

  • If strangers appear, you should immediately take a dog by the leash. 
  • For walking, dogs should be led in a muzzle or on a short leash.
  • Do not allow an animal to walk at a great distance from an owner.

Dog transportation

Dogs easily adapt to transportation by all means of transport.
However, it should be taken into account that in some modes of transport, for example, in the subway, dogs are not allowed. Most cities do not allow dogs in trams or buses. In cases where a dog is permitted, the established rules must be strictly observed. 

! In all cases of dog transporting in public transport, they must be muzzled and on a short leash.

When traveling a long distance, a dog must carry:

  • veterinary health certificates of dogs;
  • vaccination information;  
  • place of their export.


Daily dog inspection

Upon examination, pay attention to the general condition of an animal, the condition of its coat, its fatness and individual organs. Care must be taken, because sometimes, in case of accidentally causing pain to a dog, in self-defense she can even bite the owner.

When transported by road, dogs should be fed on the way, so that after feeding a dog starts no earlier than an hour later: a dog may vomit.

  • Eyes. According to the state of the eyes, one can judge about the state of a dog’s organism as a whole.
  • Ears. Due to ears disease, brownish-gray discharge from them and an unpleasant odor are possible.
  • Paws. (The condition of the claws, whether there are splinters, wounds, etc.).
  • Nose. (If there are any scratches, mucous membranes or purulent discharge).
  • Oral cavity. (Teeth condition, if there are any stuck small bones and other foreign objects).
  • Hair coat (General condition, the presence of shine, hair loss, etc.).

All detected foreign objects are removed, if necessary, and a dog is shown to a veterinarian.

On a note! Particular care is required when examining a dog with signs that give reason to suspect that it choked on the bone, since the same signs are often observed in dogs with rabies (the dog cannot swallow, her lower jaw hangs due to paralysis of the muscles of the head).

Inventory for maintenance.

Dog equipment: 

  1. A collar
  2. A muzzle
  3. A short leash
  4. a long leash.

 Inventory for dog cleaning:
1 — a brush; 2 – a scraper; 3 — a crest; 4 — a cloth; 5 — a clean cloth; 6 – a rag.

Dog cleaning

In order to remove dust, dirt, and dandruff from the skin of dogs, they must be cleaned on a regular basis. Cleaning protects skin from diseases, promotes blood flow to it, and improves metabolism.

Dogs should be cleaned once a day. In cases when a dog gets very dirty during walking or working, do additional cleaning (wash the paws after walking).

How to clean a dog:

  1. A dog should be placed to the right side from its owner.
  2. Comb its hair with a comb, 
  3. After combing it should be brushed. 
  4. After brushing, proceed with cleaning with a cloth. The cloth is pre-moistened in water and squeezed well.
  5. Eyes and ears are wiped with a clean cloth or a cotton swab. 
  6. After cleaning, the fallen wool is collected, the inventory is cleaned and put in place.

For cleaning dogs, you can use a vacuum cleaner using a small brush designed for cleaning carpets.

Dog washing and bathing.

When keeping dogs on the street, they are washed in the warm season. As a rule, dogs quickly get used to washing and willingly allow themselves to wash. During the warm period, especially in the hot season, it is useful to bathe dogs (without detergents). This can be done in reservoirs where people do not swim, with no livestock water, but clean, preferably running water and sloping shores.

Dog washing rules:

  1. Gently pour out warm water on a dog. Water should be warm, not cold and not hot.
  2. Dilute the shampoo in water, a ratio of 1:5. With this solution, water a dog, try not to concentrate all the shampoo in one place. 
  3. Lather a dog thoroughly and massage its hair. Keep foam out of eyes and ears.
  4. Rinse the foam thoroughly with water. This is the most important and crucial stage, because it is much more difficult to wash off the foam than to lather a dog. Do not leave soap under the coat. It threatens with irritation. Rinse your armpits and scruff especially thoroughly, where foam may remain in the creases of the skin.
  5. Rub a dog with a towel and let it dry. 
  6. Dogs are washed once every 1.5-2 months.

They resort to full washing only if necessary (in case of severe contamination). After walking, only feet and other contaminated areas can be washed.

Washing and bathing should not be abused. Frequent bathing and washing will not bring benefits, but harm, since this will wash off the fatty substances secreted by the sebaceous glands to lubricate the skin and hair. As a result, the skin will begin to dry out and crack. The hairline will lose its ability to repel water, it will become more fragile and brittle. During the winter period, dogs kept in yards are nor washed or bathed.

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